Research & Development

These are the 10 most used programming languages in 2019.

Dec 09, 2019 | 1428 views

According to the Tiobe Index, even steadily falling, Java remains the most widely used technology among programmers. The Tiobe index organizes the most widely used programming languages ​​by developers worldwide and has been updated once a month since 2002.

Developed by Canadian scientist James Gosling and launched in 1995 by computer maker Sun Microsystems, Java soon became popular. In 1999 technology already occupied the third position in the Tiobe index, but it was in 2004 that began its reign that lasts until today.

However, the reign of this technology may be coming to an end. According to the index, the C language is getting very close to Java, a difference of only 0.2%. "It may be that C is the # 1 programming language by the end of this year," reports the report.

How does the index work?
The Tiobe Index is calculated based on the numbers of qualified engineers worldwide, courses and third party suppliers. Popular search engines like Google, Bing, Yahoo !, Wikipedia, Amazon, YouTube and Baidu are used to calculate rankings.

In the list below, learn about the programming languages ​​most used by the development community in the world, so far, organized from most to least used.

Very famous among the developer community, Java is considered an extremely versatile language, allowing it to be used in a multitude of different projects and applications.

Java can be found in more complex programs such as gigantic databases, artificial intelligence and IoT as even in simpler calculating software such as microwave displays.

We have prepared a list of 5 free Java courses for all levels. Check out the link.

C is a classic. Used in operating system development, the language is powerful when it comes to communicating with machine hardware, so it is used in programming industrial equipment, supercomputers, and embedded systems.

C is a successor to the ancient Assembly language, which is about 70 years old. Even with the goal of replacing a no longer used language, C was considered the language of the year in 2008 and 2017. In addition, it is a gamble to become number 1 by the end of the year.

With the growing importance of the data career, Python has gained incredible notoriety in recent years, being considered a high potential and very versatile language, indispensable for the development of data systems.

With Python it is possible to access native libraries that offer functionality for project development and implementation of complete applications. The technology is so powerful that it is present in codes of major digital industry products such as Instagram, Netflix, Spotify, Reddit, Facebook, Google and many others.

In this article, we have listed the top 10 reasons why you should master the language later this year. In addition, in partnership with Code For All, IT Trends offers a complete Python course that covers everything from basic to advanced. The IT Trends “Complete Python Programming Course” lasts an average of 3 months and can be found via the link.

C ++
C ++ is an extension of the C language created by Bjarne Stroustrup. The Danish scientist has added fundamental functions such as classes and orientation to generic and functional objects, which make the language more modern and versatile. C ++ can be interpreted as "C with Classes".

Visual Basic .NET
Created by Microsoft for use in Windows application programming, Visual Basic .NET was launched in 2001 and since then, its presence in the programming world has only grown, but not so fast. According to the Tiobe index, in 2011 the technology was 49th, already this year, occupies the fifth position.

C # or C Sharp ranks sixth in the 2019 ranking. Like C ++, C # is also an extension, but in this case a Visual Basic .NET extension. However, its function that adds object orientation was based on C ++, so C # is a language designed to work within Microsoft's .NET Framework platform.

A leading web development language, JavaScript is used extensively in the development of web applications, mobile and websites in general. Also, JavaScript is the technology most used by the job market, which is why technology bootcamps design their strong JavaScript-based curriculum. JavaScript is the third member of the 3 most important programming languages ​​to learn in 2019. In this article we also talk about the importance of learning Java, JavaScript and Python.

Language with strong presence in database development. PHP was created by Rasmus Lerdof in 1995 and currently ranks eighth in the Tiobe index. As an efficient language in database development and operation, Facebook, which needs sound database management, has much of its source code written in PHP.

However, as Jaob Jackson explained to American Computerworld, PHP is an interpreted language and therefore tends to run slower. "Facebook remains loyal to PHP because it is a programming language that the company's programmers are familiar with," Jackson wrote.

Another fundamental language for database development and operation is Structured Query Language (SQL). In the Tiobe index, technology ranks ninth this year, a fact justified by its large presence in big data systems, which have gained notoriety in recent years.

Exclusive language for developing applications for Apple systems, from MacOS to its mobile version to iOS. However, Objective-C may be running out of days. Developed during the 1980s, the technology could be replaced by Swift (launched in 2014, more modern and intelligent) in the near future. In 2015, Objective-C was ranked third in the Tiobe index.